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Company Information

Home » Market » Company Information

GVK Power & Infrastructure Ltd.

Sep 22
3.16 -0.16 ( -4.82 %)
VOLUME : 874054
Prev. Close 3.32
Open Price 3.32
Bid PRICE (QTY.) 0.00 (0)
Offer PRICE (Qty.) 0.00 (0)
Sep 22
3.20 -0.15 ( -4.48 %)
VOLUME : 2484782
Prev. Close 3.35
Open Price 3.25
Bid PRICE (QTY.) 0.00 (0)
Offer PRICE (Qty.) 0.00 (0)
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Market Cap. ( ₹ ) 505.35 Cr. P/BV -0.42 Book Value ( ₹ ) -7.62
52 Week High/Low ( ₹ ) 6/2 FV/ML 1/1 P/E(X) 0.00
Bookclosure 25/09/2019 TTM EPS ( ₹ ) -2.82 Div Yield (%) 0.00
You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Year End :2018-03 

1 Corporate information

GVK Power & Infrastructure Limited (‘the Company’ or ‘GVKPIL’) provides operation and maintenance services, manpower and consultancy services and incidental services to owners of power plants, airports etc. The Company has also acquired substantial ownership interest into power companies, airports, roads and companies providing infrastructure facilities. The registered office of the company is located at ‘Paigah House’, 156-159 Sardar Patel Road Secunderabad, Telangana- 500003.

2. Statement of significant accounting policies

2.1 Basis of preparation

i. Compliance with Ind AS

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under section 133 of the Companies Act., 2013 (the Act), read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, as amended and other relevant provisions of the Act.

(ii) Historical cost convention

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except the following:

- certain financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value

- defined benefit plans - plan assets are measured at fair value.

a. Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity share having par value of Rs.1 per share. Each holder of equity share is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

Every holder of equity shares present at a meeting in person or by proxy, is entitled to one vote, and upon a poll each share is entitled to one vote..

a) Term loan aggregating to Rs. 9,745 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 1 1,276) (excluding Interest) is secured by first pari-passu charge on the current assets, present and future of the Company and pledge of 299,000 preference shares of GVK Airport Developers Limited out which 239,800 preference shares are held by Sutara Roads & Infra Limited. The loan is further secured by subservient mortgage of property, admeasuring 2,683.90 acres of land adjoining the NH 46 connecting to Chennai to Perambalur belonging to GVK Perambalur SEZ Private Limited and carries an effective interest of 14.33% per annum. The loan is repayable in twenty four unequal monthly instalments after a moratorium of twelve months from the date of first drawdown viz. April 30, 2016 (Refer note 39).

b) Term loan aggregating to Rs. 849 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 14,012) (excluding interest) is secured by mortgage of property, admeasuring 2,683.90 acres of land adjoining the NH 46 connecting to Chennai to Perambalur belonging to GVK Perambalur SEZ Private Limited and carries an effective interest of 14.50% per annum. The loan is repayable after a period of 35 months from the date of first drawdown viz. August 27, 2015 (Refer note 39).

b. Significant estimates

In calculating the tax expense for the current and previous period, the company has treated finance costs as non deductible expense for tax purposes. However, the tax legislation in relation to these expenditures is not clear and the company has on prudent basis, considered the same as non-deductible expense and the income tax assessments of the company are under dispute with Income Tax Authorities with respect to this matter. If the ruling should be in the favor of the Company, this would reduce the current tax payable and current tax expense by Rs. 817 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 1,296).

3. Earning per equity share (EPS)

Basic and Diluted EPS amounts are calculated by dividing the profit/ (loss) for the year attributable to equity holders of the Company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. There are no potentially dilutive equity shares in the Company.

The following reflects the income and share data used in the basic and diluted EPS computations:

4. Commitments and Contingencies

A. Leases

a. Operating lease commitments - Company as lessee

Operating leases are mainly in the nature of lease of office premises with no restrictions and are renewable/cancellable at the option of either of the parties. The Company has not entered into any non-cancellable leases.

There is no escalation clause in the lease agreement. There are no sub-leases. There are no restrictions imposed by lease arrangements. The aggregate amount of operating lease payments recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss is Rs. 11 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 12).

The Company has not recognised any contingent rent as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

B. Capital and other commitments

i) Capital Commitments

The Company does not has any outstanding capital commitments as at year end. (March 31, 2017: Nil)

ii) Other Commitments

a) The Company has outstanding equity commitments to fund subsidiaries under construction stage aggregating to Rs. Nil (March 31, 2017: Rs. 114,910).

b) The company has given undertaking to infuse equity aggregating to Rs. 383,561 (March 31, 201 7: Rs. 383,576) in GVK Coal Developers (Singapore) Pte. Limited, towards shortfall, if any, of its loan repayment obligations. Further, the Company has pledged 1 55,587,500 (March 31, 2017: 1 55,587,500), 22,495,000 (March 31, 2017: 22,495,000) and 48,000,000 (March 31, 201 7: 48,000,000) shares of GVK Energy Limited, GVK Transportation Private Limited and GVK Airport Developers Limited respectively for securing loan obtained by GVK Coal Developers (Singapore) Pte. Limited, an entity in which Company has 10% stake. Management believes that GVK Coal Developers (Singapore) Pte. Limited will be able to meet its obligations.

c) During the year ended March 31, 2011, the Company, GVK Energy Limited (jointly controlled entity) and certain private equity investors (‘investors’) had entered into an investment agreement pursuant to which the Company has undertaken to conduct an initial public offering of the GVK Energy Limited’s equity shares (‘Qualified IPO’ or ‘QIPO’) within 72 months from the date of investment agreement (preferred listing period). If the GVK Energy Limited does not make a QIPO during the preferred listing period and no offer for sale or demerger takes place within 12 months of the preferred listing period, then, at any time thereafter, the investors will have a put option with respect to all of the securities held by the Investor (“Put Right”) on the Company and the GVK Energy Limited at the higher of i) 20% IRR from the date of investment to the date of receipt of proceeds from the investor (“Put IRR”) and ii) the fair market value of the investor’s shares. Provided the Put IRR shall be reduced to 15%, if at least 3 private sector initial public offerings with an issue size of Rs.100,000 or more each have not taken place in India between the 48th month to the 72nd month from date of investment agreement.

The Company based on legal advice believes that the put option with guaranteed return is not enforceable/ in view of the regulations of Reserve Bank of India and hence no liability towards the same has been accounted in the financial statements.

C. Contingent liabilities

Direct and indirect taxes

(i) Income tax demand for assessment year 2009-10 Rs. 10 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 10), for assessment year 2010-11 for Rs. 279 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 279), for assessment year 2011-12 for Rs. 11 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 11) and for assessment year 2012-13 Rs. 44 (March 31, 2017: 44).

(ii) The Company had received a notice dated February 4, 2008 from the Office of the District Registrar of Assurances, Hyderabad demanding payment of stamp duty of Rs. 2,829 on transfer of shares to the shareholders of GVK Industries Limited vide the scheme of arrangement approved by the Andhra Pradesh High Court. The Company has received a favorable order from the Hon’ble High Court of Andhra Pradesh dated July 06, 2017 that stamp duty is not applicable on the above transfer of shares, hence the order has been set aside. Contigent liability in this regard is Rs. Nil (March 31, 2017 : Rs.(2,829)

Security against loan taken by others

i) The Company had provided security by way of pledge of 251,999,900 (March 31, 2017: 251,999,900) shares of GVK Airport Developers Limited for loans taken by the aforesaid subsidiary.

(ii) The Company had provided security by way of pledge of 230,960,770 (March 31, 2017: 230,960,770) shares of GVK Energy Limited for loans taken by the aforesaid joint venture entity.

(iii) The Company has provided security by way of corporate guarantees amounting to Rs. 209,445 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 162,538) to subsidiaries and joint ventures and Rs. 368,519 to an associate (March 31, 2017: Rs. 369,975) for various fund and non-fund based facility availed by them.

Management is of the opinion that the aforesaid companies will be able to meet their obligations as they arise and consequently no adjustment is required to be made to the carrying value of the security and guarantees provided.

5. Employee benefits

A) Defined contribution plan

B) Disclosures related to defined benefit plan

The Company has a defined benefit gratuity plan in India (funded). The Company’s defined benefit gratuity plan is a final salary plan for India employees, which requires contributions to be made to a separately administered fund.

The gratuity plan is governed by the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. Under the act, employee who has completed five years of service is entitled to specific benefit. The level of benefits provided depends on the member’s length of service and salary at retirement age.

The following tables summarise the components of net benefit expense recognised in the statement of profit or loss and the funded status and amounts recognised in the balance sheet for the respective plans:

1. The estimates of future salary increases, considered in actuarial valuation, take account of inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors, such as supply and demand in the employment market.

2. The expected rate of return on assets is based on the expectation of the average long term rate of return expected on investments of the fund during the estimated term of the obligations.

3. The Company expects to contribute Rs. 1 to gratuity in the next year (March 31, 2017: Rs. 1)

6. Micro, small and medium enterprises

The identification of micro, small and medium enterprise suppliers as defined under the provisions of “Micro, small and medium enterprises Act, 2006” is based on Management’s knowledge of their status. There are no dues to micro, small and medium enterprises as at the year end.

7. In respect of the amounts mentioned under section 125 of the Companies Act, 2013 there are no dues that are to be credited to the Investor Education and Protection Fund as at the year end.

8. Related Parties

(a) Related parties where control exists

GVK Jaipur Expressway Private Limited GVK Airport Developers Limited (GVKADL)

Goriganga Hydro Power Private Limited (upto December 31, 2017)

GVK Perambalur SEZ Private Limited

GVK Oil & Gas Limited (upto December 31, 2017)

GVK Developmental Projects Private Limited GVK Airport Holdings Limited (GVKAHL)

PT.GVK Services, Indonesia.

GVK Transportation Private Limited

GVK Ratle Hydro Electrical Projects Private Limited

GVK Energy Venture Private Limited (upto December 31, 2017)

GVK Bagodara Vasad Expressway Private Limited

GVK Deoli Kota Expressway Private Ltd

Bangalore Airport & Infrastructure Developers Limited

Mumbai International Airport Private Limited

GVK Airports International Pte Ltd

GVK Airport Services Private Limited

Sutara Roads & Infra Limited

GVK Shivpuri Dewas Expressway Private Limited

(b) Related parties where joint control exists

GVK Energy Limited

GVK Industries Limited

Alaknanda Hydro Power Company Limited

GVK Power (Goindwal Sahib) Limited

GVK Gautami Power Limited

GVK Power (Khadur Sahib) Private Limited

GVK Coal (Tokisud) Company Private Limited

Mumbai Aviation Fuel Farm Facility Private Limited

Mumbai Airport Lounge Services Private Limited

(c) Associates

Seregraha Mines Limited

Bangalore International Airport Limited (upto July 13, 2017)

GVK Coal Developers (Singapore) Pte Ltd

(d) Key management personnel

Dr. GVK Reddy - Chairman Mr. G V Sanjay Reddy - Director Mr A Issac George - Director Mr Krishna R Bhupal - Director

(e) Enterprises over which the key management personnel exercise significant influence

TAJ GVK Hotels & Resorts Limited

Orbit Travels & Tours Private Limited

GVK Technical & Consultancy Services Private Limited

Pinakini Share and Stock Broker Limited

GVK Employee Welfare Trust

Crescent EPC Projects and Technical Services Limited (Formerly GVK Projects and Technical Services Limited)

9. Capital management

For the purpose of the Company’s capital management, capital includes issued equity capital, share premium and all other equity reserves attributable to the equity holders. The primary objective of the Company’s capital management is to maximise the shareholder value.

The Company manages its capital structure in consideration to the changes in economic conditions and the requirements of the financial covenants. The Company monitors capital using a gearing ratio, which is net debt divided by total capital plus net debt. The Company includes within net debt, borrowings including interest accrued on borrowings and trade payables, less cash and short-term deposits.

In order to achieve this overall objective, the Company’s capital management, amongst other things, aims to ensure that it meets financial covenants attached to the interest-bearing loans and borrowings that define capital structure requirements. Breaches in meeting the financial covenants would permit the bank to immediately call loans and borrowings. The Company has delayed repayment of dues to banks and financial institutions during the year. Hence, the entire portion of long term borrowing has been classfied as current.

10. Significant accounting judgements, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the Company’s financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods.

A. Judgements

In the process of applying the Company’s accounting policies, management has made the following judgements, which have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements.

i. Impairment of non-current assets including investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates

Determining whether investment are impaired requires an estimation of the value in use of the individual investment or the relevant cash generating units. The value in use calculation is based on Discounted Cash Flow (‘DCF’) model over the estimated useful life of the power plants, concession on roads, airports etc. Further, the cash flow projections are based on estimates and assumptions relating to conclusion of tariff rates, operational performance of the plants and coal mines, life extension plans, availability and market prices of gas, coal and other fuels, restructuring of loans etc in case of investments in entities in the energy business, estimation of passenger traffic and rates and favorable outcomes of litigations etc. in the airport and expressway business which are considered as reasonable by the management.

ii. Determination of control and accounting thereof

As detailed in the accounting policy, principles under Ind AS are different from the previous GAAP, especially with respect to assessment of control of subsidiaries. Accordingly certain entities like GVK Energy Limited, where the company has majority shareholding, they have been accounted as joint venture entity on account of certain participative rights granted to other partners/ investors under the shareholding agreements. Further, investment in GVK Coal Developers (Singapore) Pte. Ltd has been accounted as associate since the company participates in all significant financial and operating decisions. The company has therefore determined that it has significant influence over this entity, even though it only holds 10% of the voting rights.

Under Ind AS, joint ventures are accounted under the equity method as per Ind AS 28 against the proportionate line by line consolidation under previous GAAP.

iii. Also refer note 45 on significant judgement on going concern ability of the Company.

B. Estimates and assumptions

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below. The Company based its assumptions and estimates on parameters available when the financial statements were prepared. Existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments, however, may change due to market changes or circumstances arising that are beyond the control of the Company. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.

(i) Taxes

Deferred tax assets are recognised for unused tax losses to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the losses can be utilised. Significant management judgement is required to determine the amount of deferred tax assets that can be recognised, based upon the likely timing and the level of future taxable profits together with future tax planning strategies.

Also refer note 30(b) for significant estimates for income taxes.

(ii) Defined employee benefit plans (Gratuity)

The cost of the defined benefit gratuity plan and the present value of the gratuity obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date.

The parameter most subject to change is the discount rate. In determining the appropriate discount rate for plans operated in India, the management considers the interest rates of government bonds in currencies consistent with the currencies of the post-employment benefit obligation.

The mortality rate is based on publicly available mortality tables for the specific countries. Those mortality tables tend to change only at interval in response to demographic changes. Future salary increases and gratuity increases are based on expected future inflation rates for the respective countries. Further details about gratuity obligations are given in Note 33.

(iii) Fair value measurement of financial instruments

When the fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities recorded in the balance sheet cannot be measured based on quoted prices in active markets, their fair value is measured using valuation techniques including the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not feasible, a degree of judgement is required in establishing fair values. Judgements include considerations of inputs such as liquidity risk, credit risk and volatility. Changes in assumptions about these factors could affect the reported fair value of financial instruments.

(iv) Depreciation on property, plant and equipment

Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives and residual values of all its property, plant and equipment estimated by the management. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of property, plant and equipment, and the useful lives are in line with the useful lives prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated. They are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that may have a financial impact on the group and that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.

11 Financial risk management objectives and policies

Financial Risk Management Framework

The Company is exposed primarily to Credit Risk, Liquidity Risk and Market risk (fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rate), which may adversely impact the fair value of its financial instruments. The Company assesses the unpredictability of the financial environment and seeks to mitigate potential adverse effects on the financial performance of the Company.

A Price risk

The company’s exposure to investment in mutual funds are subject to price and classified in the balance sheet as fair value through profit or loss.


The table below summaries the impact of increase/decrease of the index on the company’s investment in mutual fund and profit/(loss) for the period.

B Credit Risk

Credit risk is the risk that counterparty will not meet its obligations under a financial instrument or customer contract, leading to a financial loss. Credit risk encompasses of both, the direct risk of default and the risk of deterioration of creditworthiness as well as concentration of risks. Credit risk is controlled by analyzing credit limits and creditworthiness of customers on a continuous basis to whom the credit has been granted after obtaining necessary approvals for credit. Financial instruments that are subject to concentrations of credit risk principally consist of trade receivables, loans and other financial assets. Trade receivables, Financial guarantee receivables (Other financial assets) and Loans given by the Company result in material concentration of credit risk as these are with related parties.

Exposure to credit risk:

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum credit exposure. The maximum exposure to credit risk was Rs. 9,762 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 10,275), being the total of the carrying amount of balances with trade receivables, Loans and Other financial assets.

Trade receivables, Other financial assets, Loans given:

An impairment analysis is performed at each reporting date. The Company does not hold collateral as security. Impairment analysis takes into account historical credit loss experience and adjusted for forward-looking information. Significant portion of trade receivables, other financial assets and loans given comprise receivables from related parties and not subject to significant credit risk based on past history.

C Liquidity Risk

Liquidity risk refers to the risk that the Company cannot meet its financial obligations. The objective of liquidity risk management is to maintain sufficient liquidity and ensure that funds are available for use as per requirements. The Company manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate reserves, banking facilities and reserve borrowing facilities, by continuously monitoring forecast and actual cash flows, and by matching the maturity profiles of financial assets and liabilities.

The table below summarises the maturity profile of the Company’s financial liabilities based on contractual undiscounted payments.

D Market Risk

Market risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market prices. Market risk comprises two types of risk: currency risk and interest rate risk. Financial instruments affected by market risk include loans and borrowings, investments, other financial assets and other financial liabilities.

Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of change in market interest rates. The Company’s exposure to the risk of changes in market interest rates relates primarily to the Company’s long-term debt obligations with floating interest rates. As the Company has debt obligations with floating interest rates, exposure to the risk of changes in market interest rates are substantially dependent of changes in market interest rates.

As the company has no significant interest bearing assets, the income and operating cash flows are substantially independent of changes in market interest rates.

Interest rate sensitivity

The following table demonstrates the sensitivity to a reasonably possible change in interest rates on the portion of loans and borrowings. With all other variables held constant, the Company’s profit/(loss) before tax is affected through impact on floating rate borrowings, as follows:

Foreign Currency exchange rate risk

Foreign currency risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of an exposure will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates. The Company’s exposure to the risk of changes in foreign exchange rates relates primarily to the Company’s investment in foreign entity and financial asset/liability in relation to foreign entity in respect of financial guarantee. The risks primarily relate to fluctuations in US Dollar against the functional currencies of the Company. The Company evaluates the impact of foreign exchange rate fluctuations by assessing its exposure to exchange rate risks. The Company has not entered into derivative instruments during the year.

The year end foreign currency exposures that have not been hedged by a derivative instrument or otherwise are as under:

* Amount in INR is at basis the amortised cost valuation.

Foreign currency sensitivity

The following tables demonstrate the sensitivity to a reasonably possible change in USD exchange rate, with other variables held constant. The impact on the Company’s profit before tax is due to changes in the fair value of monetary assets and liabilities.

12. Segment reporting

In accordance with Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 108 on Operating segments, segment information has been given in the consolidated financial statements of the Company, and therefore no separate disclosure on segment information is given in these financial statements.

13. The company has an investment in GVK Coal Developers (Singapore) Pte. Limited (GVK Coal) which is assessed as an associate to the Company. The Company exercises significant influence on GVK Coal as per Ind AS 28.

The Company has made investments and has receivables aggregating to Rs. 69,414 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 51,815 ) and provided guarantees and commitments for loans amounting Rs. 752,080 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 752,1 10 ) taken by GVK Coal as at March 31, 2018, and has undertaken to provide financial assistance of USD 7.83 million (Rs. 5,009 ) as at March 31, 2018, an entity whose current liabilities exceeds current assets by USD 2,151 million (Rs. 1,398,927 ) as at March 31, 2018 and has incurred losses of USD 77 million (Rs. 50,189 ) for the year ended March 31, 2018, based on the unaudited financial statements is witnessing material uncertainties. The prices of the coal have fallen since GVK coal had acquired stake in the coal mines. GVK Coal has not been able to achieve financial closure resulting in delays in commencement of mine development activity when compared to scheduled date, delays in entering into definitive agreements for port and rail development and agreement for sale of coal. Further, certain lenders of GVK Coal have classified the loan as non- performing and the lenders had an option to curtail the rights of the company on various assets either on October 2015 or every year thereafter. The lenders have not yet exercised this option.

GVK coal is in discussion with non- controlling shareholders to realign the option exercise dates, looking for additional funding from potential investors and working with lenders to reach to optimal solution. Management believes that while the prices of coal have fallen, the fall in prices of other commodities and services would offset the impact of fall in coal prices on the project by reducing capital and operating cost requirements and hence, GVK Coal would be able to ultimately establish profitable operations, meet its obligations and its current liabilities being in excess of current assets is temporary in nature. The coal prices have also shown an increasing trend in the recent past. The management further believes that even though there are material uncertainties in the short to medium term around achieving appropriate solutions with lenders, non-controlling share-holders and on funding the project, considering the prospects in the long term, presently no adjustment is required to receivables and , investments, and the Company considers the same as fully recoverable once the operations are established. Further, the management believes that considering the active discussions with the lenders, it is not probable that guarantees and commitments will be invoked. In the unlikely situation that the guarantees and commitments were to be invoked, the company will be required to arrange cash flows to service the guarantees and commitments. Such outflow which will be accompanied by acquisition of additional interest in the assets of the GVK coal and hence it is unlikely to have any significant adverse impact on the statement of profit and loss.

14. Certain subsidiaries and jointly controlled entity (group companies) of GVK Energy Limited (‘GVKEL’), a jointly controlled entity are facing uncertainties as detailed below:

a) There has been uncertainty regarding supplies/availability of gas to power plants of GVK Industries Limited (GVKIL), subsidiary company, and GVK Gautami Power Limited (GVKGPL), jointly controlled entity. These group companies have made losses of Rs. 36,736 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 26,729 ). The lenders have classified the loan balances of these group companies as non-performing assets. The Company is confident that Government of India will continue to take necessary steps/initiatives to improve the situation of natural gas. However in the interim these group companies are working with the lenders for one time settlement proposal wherein the loans would be settled at the value of the plant to be realised on its sale to APDISCOM. Further, Management, based on its rights under power purchase agreement to recover capacity charges and in view of installing alternate fuel equipment and on the basis of aforesaid discussions, believes that these group companies continue to be in operation in foreseeable future despite continued losses or will be able to amicably settle the loan liability as part of one time settlement proposal. The Company has given corporate guarantee for the loan taken by GVKGPL. The Company accordingly believes that no provision for impairment/diminution is required towards carrying value of assets aggregating to Rs. 59,304 of GVKIL and Rs. 118,500 of GVKGPL respectively and also no provision towards corporate guarantee given to GVKGPL is necessary.

b) Uncertainty is faced by coal plant with carrying value of non-current assets of Rs. 402,550 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 422,510) of GVK Power (Goindwal Sahib) Limited (‘GVKPGSL’), subsidiary company, towards supply of fuel consequent to de-allocation of coal mine. Management has filed petition with Punjab State Electricity Regulatory Commission (PSERC) for re-negotiation of terms of power purchase agreement such as rate revision, approval for using imported coal, approval for completed capital cost, etc. claiming force majeure and change in law as envisaged under Power Purchase Agreement. Pending determination of final tariff, PSERC in its interim order has allowed the subsidiary company to run the plant on imported fuel for up to two and half years within which GVKPGSL should make arrangements for coal on long term basis. In the interim Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (‘PSPCL’) has made certain deductions aggregating to Rs. 15,267 while approving the revenue claimed by GVKPGSL pursuant to the aforesaid interim order. GVKPGSL has also filed petitions with PSERC for the aforesaid deductions made by PSPCL.

In February 2018, GVKPGSL has obtained long term coal linkage through Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala Transparently in India (SHAKTI scheme) for significant part of its capacity. Further in March 2018, PSERC has approved a provisional fixed charges of Rs 2.20 per unit till the final capital cost is determined.”

GVKPGSL was unable to run the plant at optimal capacity during financial year 2016-17 and 2017-18 primarily on account of low availability of fuel and hence defaulted on repayment of dues to lenders. Consequently the lenders have classified the loan balances of GVKPGSL as non-performing assets. GVKPGSL is currently working with lenders towards the resolution plan as required by the RBI notification dated February 12, 2018 on resolution of stressed assets. If a resolution plan is not implemented as per the timelines specified in the aforesaid notification, lenders shall file insolvency application, singly or jointly, under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 within 15 days from the expiry of the said timeline.

Management based on internal assessment/legal advice believes that the aforementioned petitions will be decided in its favor and hence cancellation of coal mine will not impact the operations of the power project and it is also confident of receiving approval from the lenders for resolution plan and also implementing the same within the specified timelines. Accordingly, management is of the view that no provision is required to be made to assets with carrying value of Rs. 417,818 .

c) The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has deallocated coal mine allocated to GVK Coal (Tokisud) Company Private Limited (‘GVKCTPL’), subsidiary company of Company’s jointly controlled entity, and Nominated Authority had offered compensation of Rs. 11,129 as against carrying value of assets of Rs. 31,113 as at March 31, 2018. GVKCTPL had appealed against the said order in the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi. The aforesaid court vide its order dated March 09, 2017, directed GVKCTPL to submit its claim to the adjudicating authority constituted under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 and subsequently GVKCTPL submitted its claim for the balance compensation claim of Rs. 19,882 to the aforesaid authority. Management believes that GVKCTPL will be appropriately reimbursed for cancelled coal mine and accordingly no provision is required to be made to the carrying value of assets.

d) Trade receivable of GVKIL, include accruals towards reimbursement of fixed charges for the financial year 1997-1998 to 2000-2001, on increased capital cost worked out as per ratios set out in the Power purchase agreement aggregating to Rs. 3,597 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 3,212) by GVKIL, disincentive recoverable aggregating to Rs. 2,409 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 2,151), minimum alternate tax under the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 for the period commencing from the financial year 20002001 up to the financial year 2010-2011, aggregating to Rs. 3,119 (March 31, 2017: Rs. 2,945 ) and other receivables of Rs. 60 (March 31, 2017: Rs.54) which are being refuted by AP Transco/subject to approvals.

The company based on the above assessments believes that it is appropriate to recognize investments and loans and advances given to GVK Energy Limited aggregating to Rs. 1 12,643 in financial statements at carrying value and no provision for diminution for such investments and loans is necessary and also no provision is required for corporate guarantees given by the company amounting to Rs. 10,298 as at March 31, 2018.

15. As at March 31, 2018, the Group/Company had accumulated losses and the Company has incurred losses during the preceding years. The Company/group has delayed payment of loans and interest and certain loan accounts have been classified as non-performing by banks. The Company has provided guarantees and commitments and/or has undertaken to provide financial assistance on behalf of various entities and as further detailed in notes 43 and 44 (referring to notes on GVK Coal Developers (Singapore) Pte Limited and GVK Energy Limited), uncertainties are being faced by various projects such as delays in development of coal mines in an overseas project where the Company has provided guarantees and commitments for the borrowings, losses incurred by gas based plants in the absence of gas and litigations on rights to claim capacity charge, re-negotiation of terms of PPA of coal based plant and litigations on determination of tariff of hydro power project. These factors may indicate significant doubt on going concern. Notwithstanding the above, the financial statements of the Company have been prepared on going concern basis as management believes that the Company would be able to ultimately establish profitable operations, meet its commitments, reduce debt by stake sale and the entities on whose behalf guarantees/ commitments have been extended would be able to meet their obligations. Further, the Management is confident that aforesaid entities would win litigations; obtain approvals of regulators; will reach an optimal solution with non-controlling shareholders and lenders; obtain requisite gas/coal allocation etc. as required despite current macro-economic environment challenges. Also the Company’s subsidiaries i.e. Mumbai International Airport Private Limited and GVK Jaipur Expressway Private Limited are operating satisfactorily. The Company through its group company has also won the bid for Navi Mumbai International airport and is in the process of achieving financial closure.

16. Fair values

The management assessed that loans given, trade receivables, cash and cash equivalents, other financial assets, short term borrowings, trade payables and other financial liabilities approximate their carrying amounts largely due to the short-term maturities or interest bearing nature of these instruments. The fair value of the financial assets and liabilities is included at the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale.

Set out below, is a comparison by class of the carrying amounts and fair value of the Group’s financial instruments, other than those with carrying amounts that are reasonable approximations of fair values:

Level 1: Level 1 hierarchy includes financial instruments measuring using quoted prices. This includes listed equity instruments, traded bonds and mutual funds that have quoted price. The fair value of all equity instruments (including bonds) which are traded in the stock exchanges is valued using the closing price as at the reporting period. The mutual funds are valued using the closing net asset value.

Level 2: The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market (for example, traded bonds, over the counter derivatives) is determined using valuation techniques which maximise the use of observable market data and rely as little as possible on entity specific estimates. If all significant inputs required to fair value an instrument are observable, the instrument is included in level 2.

Level 3: If one or more of the significant inputs is not based on observable market data, the instrument is included in level 3. This is the case for unlisted equity shares, contingent consideration and indemnification asset included in level 3.

b) Valuation technique used to determine fair value

Specific valuation technique used to value financial instruments include:

- The fair value of investment in mutual funds is measured at quoted price or NAV.

- The fair values for non-current investments, other non-current financial assets and borrowings are based on discounted cash flows using a borrowing rate at the date of transition. They are classified as level 3 fair values in their fair value hierarchy due to the use of unobservable inputs, including own credit risk.

17. The financial statements contain certain amounts reported as “0” which are less than Rs. 1.